Scaphoid Fracture: Overview
A scaphoid fracture is a type of wrist fracture or broken wrist. It happens when the scaphoid bone is broken. The scaphoid bone is a small bone that exists near the thumb base. Remember that scaphoid is one of the carpal bones – the collection of bones that makes up the wrist.
A scaphoid fracture is always caused by falling on an outstretched hand or arm. Car accidents and other traumatic conditions, such as high-contact sports and workout sessions, may cause a scaphoid fracture. Tiny cracks in the scaphoid may be treated through non-surgical treatments, such as immobilising your hand with the best wrist braces and other precautionary measures. The severe fracture may require surgery to heal completely. Usually, it takes around three months to recover scaphoid fracture. This article is a detailed account of the causes of scaphoid fracture and its potential treatment plans.
What causes scaphoid fracture
Remember that any impact on your wrist, especially the scaphoid bone, can cause a scaphoid fracture. The most common causes causing scaphoid fracture may include;
- Direct falling on an outstretched hand
- Sports injuries
- Road accidents
As well as this, any other traumatic conditions may become the reason for scaphoid fractures.
Types of scaphoid fracture
The scaphoid bone has three parts, and injury may occur to any part. Sections of the scaphoid may include:
- Distal Pole: The end of the scaphoid near
- Waist of the scaphoid: It is the centre or middle part of the scaphoid. It is reported that more than 70% of scaphoid fractures occur in this part.
- Proximal pole: The end part of the scaphoid bone placed near the forearm.
Common symptoms of scaphoid fracture
When a scaphoid fracture happens, you may feel the following symptoms:
- Pain around your wrists
- Swelling around your wrists
- Tenderness around your wrists
- Inability to move your hands or wrists
- Bruising and discolouration
- A deformity or bump appears that is not usually on your wrist
Treatment plans for scaphoid fractures
When you feel wrist pain after a sports injury or any traumatic conditions, your GP or healthcare professional will take several tests, including physical checkups or radiological tests. Based on these tests, they will suggest a better treatment plan for you. Minor injuries to the scaphoid may be recovered through non-surgical treatments. However, severe conditions may require serious medical attention or surgical treatments. The following are the possible non-surgical and surgical treatments for scaphoid fracture:
Your healthcare professional non-surgical treatments when you suffer from the following conditions:
Scaphoid fracture near the thumb
A scaphoid fracture happens near the distal pole or thumb. It usually heals in a few weeks with proper protection and restrictions on your activities. This part of the scaphoid has a good blood supply, which promotes healing. When this type of fracture occurs, your healthcare provider may recommend you wear the best wrist braces for scaphoid injury to support your hand and forearm.
Scaphoid fracture near the forearm
The healing process may be difficult when the scaphoid fracture occurs near the forearm (proximal pole) or middle of the bone (waist pole). It is because these areas do not have sufficient blood supply. Consequently, these types of fractures may take longer to heal. However, the healthcare providers place your hand or forearm in splints or cast to restrict unnecessary movements, helping promote healing.
Your healthcare providers suggest using a bone stimulator to assist fracture healing. This small device delivers pulsed electromagnetic or low-intensity ultrasonic waves, helping stimulate healing.
The complete fracture or broken scaphoid bone requires surgical treatments to heal properly. The following are the potential surgical treatments for severe scaphoid fracture:
It is a surgical process during which your surgeon administers anaesthetic or anaesthesia and manipulates the broken bone back into its proper position. The process is done using limited incision and other specialised guided instruments in certain cases. However, some cases require an open incision and a direct manipulation of the broken bone. Moreover, in some cases, the surgeon uses a tiny camera, arthroscopic, to help aid the reduction
In this surgical process, your surgeon uses metal implants, including screws or wires to hold the scaphoid until the bone is completely healed. The size and location of the incision in internal fixation may depend on what part of the scaphoid bone is broken. Sometimes, a small incision is made to place the bone fragments. However, many other cases require a large incision, ensuring that the pieces of the scaphoid bone fracture are lined up properly.
Some fractures or conditions may require bone grafting, which may or may not require internal fixation. Bone grafting is the process of implanting a new bone around the broken bone. It stimulates bone production and healing. The grafting bone may be taken from the forearm in the same arm or from your hip.
How do wrist braces work?
Wearing wrist braces and supports helps immobilise and protect your wrist joints. As well as this, they also help reduce pain, decrease swelling, and heal acute wrist injuries. However, your healthcare professionals also suggest wearing the wrist braces following a surgery, helping promote healing. But, you should consider the right type and the right time to wear the wrist braces.
When and how to wear wrist braces
You may find a variety of wrist braces in the market. Remember that these wrist braces are designed to support your wrist in several ways. You need to know your requirements before wearing the wrist braces. You can get help from your healthcare professionals or trainers to choose the correct option. As well as this, you should also wear wrist braces under the instructions and guidance of your healthcare professional.
Buy the best wrist braces for scaphoid fracture
If you are involved in high-contact sports and workout activities, you may hurt your wrists. As well as this, some traumatic conditions may result in wrist injuries, including wrist scaphoid fracture. However, healthcare providers and professional trainers suggest some preventive measures to help reduce the chances of injuries. From these preventative measures, wearing wrist braces is an effective way to keep your wrists safe from injuries. As well as this, these wrist braces also help promote healing after injury or surgery. At 360 relief, you can find a variety of the best wrist braces to help manage your wrist issues.